Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyoyev cannot be called a new leader: he has been heading Uzbekistan since 2016. Unlike his predecessor, the president pursues a liberal policy and follows modern values.
The times when the words president Uzbekistan evoked fear are long gone, and the country is recovering from the long reign of Islam Karimov. The predecessor and successor differ in almost everything, but this is especially noticeable in the example of foreign policy actions.
Under Karimov, Uzbekistan was a closed country. This reached the point of absurdity: the Uzbek sum could not be exchanged for other currencies, and foreigners were prohibited from investing. At the same time, citizens of Uzbekistan regularly went to work in neighboring countries — without full-fledged foreign passports, which were also prohibited. Mirziyoyev introduced passports into circulation.
The new president did the almost impossible: he established contacts with long-time partners after a very long break. Of course, the main economic ties have been formed with Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, but Shavkat Mirziyoyev does not intend to stop there. The head of state establishes, strengthens, and expands partnerships with China, South Korea, and India (there are more than 300 enterprises with Indian participation in Uzbekistan). He does not forget about the CIS countries and their largest member — Russia. However, today’s Uzbekistan cooperates just as willingly with the European Union, the USA, and Turkey. Shavkat Mirziyoyev does not seek to come under the wing of a specific leader, but pragmatically takes everything.
Many reforms also took place within the country: civil rights, economics, education, tax changes… The results were not long in coming. The country’s GDP and its exports are constantly growing. Private business has become much easier to run. New infrastructure for future citizens is being actively built. In general, the changes affected all levels of life.
In 2023 they reached the constitution. In the spring, a popular referendum was held, in which 90% of those who voted were in favor of the proposed changes. The list is very large, but an important place in it is occupied by the change in the presidential term, which has increased by two years. This led to the resetting of the old terms, but the law of Uzbekistan is such that the president cannot rule for more than two terms. Now the counter has been reset, and after early re-election, Shavkat Mirziyoyev has again become the current president of the country. He will rule until 2030, if he fails to stay for a new term.